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The Properties of Multiplication

Numberock's Properties of Multiplication Song review the associative property, commutative property, distributive property, identity property, and zero property of multiplication in a fun way that will help students remember them as they work out multiplication problems.

Grades Targeted | 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, 5th Grade

The Properties of Multiplication Song Lyrics

3.OA.5 - Properties of Multiplication

Ready set go! 1, 2, 3...
Here are some bars about the Commutative Property:

You can multiply factors in any order:
Like four times three equals three times four -
the product, either way, is exactly the same.
Commutative is this property’s name.

Now let’s move on, while we got the Chi,
with a rhyme about the Associative Property!

You can group factors in any order, too,
like 2 times 3 times 4 equals 3 times 4 times 2.
They have the same product when you solve through.
That’s the magic the Associative Property can do.

We use the Properties of Multiplication
when expressions need evaluation,
or when multiplying in equations,
‘cause they can help us with our calculations.

This one’s kinda tricky, so get your brain ready
to study the Distributive Property!

Split a factor, multiply the addends by the other factor,
then add the products up thereafter:
Eight became three plus five, but times four stayed the same.
Distributive is this property’s name.

Now let’s introduce one that’s easy peasy...
it’s time to look at the identity property.

The product of any number and one
has that number as the solution.
For example, three times one equals three;
that’s called the Identity Property


Oh wait! There’s one more before we go...
It’s one you may know - the Property of Zero!

The product of any number and zero
will have a product of zero to show.
For example, five times zero equals zero,
‘cause the Zero Property tells us so.

Now that you know the properties of multiplication,
you can understand each of these equations.
And if you ever forget them, don’t give in to dismay...
just go to numberock.com and hit “replay.”


Learn More

Want to look at some more excellent resources about Properties of Multiplication? Check out this helpful resource of properties of multiplication activities which might give you an idea or two that extends beyond Numberock's song and associated lesson resources.

For those that care about this stuff, the song you just watched aligns to the 3rd Grade Common Core learning standards 3.OA.5. Check out the full spectrum of Understand properties of multiplication and the relationship between multiplication and division.. Because let's be honest, who doesn't love reading math standards in their leisure time?

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